Speaker

Fengping Wang, Distinguished Professor, School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Time

2019.05.29 16:00-17:30

Venue

Lecture Hall 206, 2th Floor of Building 6 of Science Laboratory Buildings

Abstract

The discovery of the marine “deep biosphere”—microorganisms living deep below the seafloor—is one of the most significant and exciting discoveries since the ocean drilling program began ~50 years ago. Study of the deep biosphere has become a research frontier and a hot spot both for geological and biological sciences. Here, I will briefly introduce the history of the discovery of the deep biosphere, describe the types of environments for life in the deep ocean and below the seafloor, and fulfilled IODP expeditions targeting deep biosphere. I will then highlight the most significant findings in this research area, including those from our laboratory. Finally, future research directions and challenges of deep biosphere investigation will also be addressed.

Education and Training

1992 HuaZhong Normal University, Biology, B.S.
1998 HuaZhong Agricultural University, Molecular Biology, Ph.D.

Appointments

1998-2003 Assistant Researcher, Third Institute of Oceanography (TIO), State Oceanic Administration (SOA), China
1999-2002 Post-Doc, Osnabrueck University, Germany 2003-2009 Senior Researcher, TIO, SOA
2009-2015 Professor, Shanghai JiaoTong University
2015-present Distinguished Professor, Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Honors

2009 Nominee of Award for Outstanding Young Woman Scientist in China
2015 Outstanding Young Scientist Award by Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)

Major research interests:

Microbially mediated cycling of C, N, S in the estuarine and ocean environments; Deep Biosphere; Molecular adaptation mechanisms of microorganisms under extreme environments

Attended Cruises:

August 2006. Gulf of Mexico Gas Hydrates. R/V Seaward Johnson II and Johnson Sea- Link Submersible
November 2009. Guaymas Cruise. R/V Atlantis and Alvin submersible
September to November 2011. IODP North Pond Expedition. R/V Joides Resolution
November 2014. East Pacific Rise. R/V Atlantis and Alvin submersible

Major Professional Service:

Scientific Steering Committee member of DL-DCO (deep life - deep carbon observatory) ECORD Facility Committee Member ISME Ambassador Scientific Committee member of IODP-China Evaluating Committee member for NSFC at 2014, 2015, 2017 Associate editor for [Frontiers in marine molecular biology and ecology] Editor for [Scientific Reports], [Systematic and Applied Microbiology]

Publications:

More than 80 peer reviewed publications in high-impact international journals including Nat Microbiol, ISME J, PNAS, Environ Microbiol, Appl Environ Microbiol, Geobiology, Sci Rep, Fron Microbiol.
More than 50 invited oral presentations in recent 5 years at various international and domestic meetings, such as Goldschmidt; AGU; Gordon Research Conference; Extremophiles; Deep-Sea Microbiology; C-DEBI meetings……

List of representative publications:

Yu TT,Wu WC, Liang WY, Lever M, Hinrichs K, Wang FP. Growth of sedimentary Bathyarchaeota on lignin as an energy source, Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1718854115
Niu MY, Fan XB, Zhuang GC, Liang QY, Wang FP
. Methane-metabolizing microbial communities in sediments of the Haima cold seep area, northwest slope of the South China Sea, FEMS Microbiol Ecol, 2017, 93(9): fix101
He Y, Li M, Natarajan VP, Feng XY, Fang J, Xie JJ, Sievert SM, Wang FP . Genomic and enzymatic evidence for acetogenesis among multiple lineages of the archaeal phylum Bathyarchaeota widespread in marine sediments, Nature Microbiol, 2016, 1(6): 16035
Wang FP
, Zhang Y, Chen Y, He Y, Qi J, Hinrichs KU, Zhang XX, Xiao X, Boon N. .Methanotrophic archaea possessing diverging methane-oxidizing and electron- transporting pathways. ISME J, 2014, 8(5): 1069-1078
Meng J, Xu J, Qin D, He M, Xiao X, Wang FP *. Genetic and functional properties of uncultivated MCG archaea assessed by metagenome and gene expression analyses, ISME J, 2014, 8(3): 650-659
Xie W, Wang FP (co-first author), Guo L, Chen ZL, Sievert SM, Meng J, Huang GR, Li YX, Yan QY, Wu S, Wang X, Chen SW, He GY, Xiao X, Xu AL. Comparative metagenomics of microbial communities inhabiting deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimneys with contrasting chemistries. ISME J. 2011; 5(3): 414-426.
Chen Y, Wang FP (co-first author), Xu J, Mehmood MA, Xiao X. Physiological and evolutionary studies of NAP systems in Shewanella piezotolerans WP3. ISME J. 2011; 5(5): 843-855.
Wang SF, Xiao X, Jiang LJ, Peng XT, Zhou HY, Meng J, Wang FP
. Diversity and Abundance of Ammonia-Oxidizing Archaea in Hydrothermal Vent Chimneys of the Juan de Fuca Ridge. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009; 75(12): 4216-4220.
Wang FP, Zhou HY, Meng J, Peng XT, Jiang LJ, Sun P, Zhang CL, Van Nostrand JD, Deng Y, He ZL, Wu LY, Zhou JZ, Xiao X. GeoChip-based analysis of metabolic diversity of microbial communities at the Juan de Fuca Ridge hydrothermal vent. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2009; 106(12): 4840-4845.
Meng J, Wang FP (co-first author), Wang F, Zheng YP, Peng XT, Zhou HY, Xiao X. An uncultivated crenarchaeota contains functional bacteriochlorophyll a synthase. ISME J. 2009; 3(1): 106-116.